There are basically three types of lighting, when combined correctly in layers, will create the optimum inspirational lighting solution. Each layer of light has its individual effect, but can be combined to create a magical overall design.
This is the first layer of light to start with when creating a lighting plan. Ambiant light ensures a diffused, even level of light that provides overall room illumination.
Task lighting Direct, focused light to help with a close range of work, like food prep, reading, or hobbies.
Some projects and tasks require extra light to see details. Use task lighting for workspaces like kitchen counters, desks, or anywhere that you need more light.
Accent Lighting Create focal points or highlight the beautiful features of your home with accent light.
Brighter than ambiant light but more focused, accent lighting is the finishing touch to make a room more interesting. Use it highlight a collection, artwork, architectural details, or anything that you want to draw attention to.
Now you understand more about the three layers of light and how to use them. Try to have two or three of the layers in each room. Include dimmable light to get a wider range of ambiance. Your rooms will be more comfortable, more functional, and more appealing to you and your guests. Inspired to create a lighting plan? Read the next section.
Learn how to light a room with our lighting plan guide
Measure your space and draw it on the graph paper. Recommended scale is 1:50.
Mark any fixed elements such as windows, doors and chimneys.
Draw in your furniture.
Step 2. Map out where you need light
Identify your layers of light:
Ambiance: Overall room lighting for relaxing and socializing
Task: Direct, bright light for working, reading and hobby spaces
Accent: Focused bright light to create decorative points of interest
Consider who is going to use this space and what they will be doing in it. Imagine the range of activities and what kind of light you will need for each. Your room can have dimmable light for yoga practice and a table with a bright task light over it for children to do homework, for example.
Highlight objects and wash the walls with light for ambiance
Ceiling spots: appr. 60cm from the wall
Built in downlight: appr. 35cm from the wall
Ambient spots: appr. 1m distance between spots
Wall mounted light
Provide ambient or accent lighting
Should be spaced at least 20cm apart at a height of 180-190cm from the floor, depending on ceiling height.
Ceiling mounted light
Produce general light and contribute to the overall ambiance of your home
In the corners of a room, on the ceiling
Floor & desk light
Create a decorative effect and help with tasks such as reading
In the corners of a room, or close to a couch or at the side of the bed
Step 4. Find the right lights
Now that your lighting plan is complete, you can choose the right light bulbs and fixtures to get the look and mood that you want for each room. LED light has a wide variety of options and features. Choose the brightness and colour temperature that best meets your needs and style. Don't forget to share your newly lighted room with us by posting your before and after photos on social media with #philipsLED